His father, Fran ois de Sales de Boisy, and his mother, Fran oise de Sionnaz, belonged to old Savoyard aristocratic families. It was the highest office in the diocese; M. de Boisy yielded. He, therefore, enjoyed a privileged education in the nearby town of La Roche-Sur-Foron, and at the age of eight at the Capuchin college in Annecy.[3]. His father initially refused to accept that Francis had chosen the priesthood rather than fulfill his expectations with a political-military career. He also attended the Savoyard soldiers garrisoned at Allinges.[1]. He resided in Annecy (now part of modern-day France) because Geneva remained under Calvinist control and therefore closed to him. His father also chose a wealthy noble heiress as his bride. De Sales' heart was kept in Lyon, in response to the popular demand of the citizens of the city to retain his remains. Saint Francis de Sales was born on August 21, 1567. Francis was consecrated bishop of Geneva on Dec. 8, 1602. To please his father, he took lessons in the gentlemanly pursuits of riding, dancing, and fencing. He had five younger brothers. His great despair made him physically ill and even bedridden for a time. St. Francis de Sales A leader of the Catholic Reformation, Francis was born in France in 1567. They appreciated his cooperation so much that in 1617 they made him an official associate of the Order, the highest honor possible for a non-member. This article is about the Roman Catholic Saint. VI.) As a member of a noble family, he was educated in the humanities at the Jesuit college of Clermont at the University of Paris and received his doctorate in both civil and canon law from the University of Padua. He was educated at the Jesuit college of Clermont in Paris (1580–88) and at Padua, Italy, where he received a doctorate in law (1591). as co-consecrators. [3] He then became a tertiary of the Minim Order. His father was François de Sales, Lord of Sales, and Novel, and by marriage, de Boisy. Francis was both intelligent and gentle. Saint Francis de Sales was born into a senatorial family where he was destined to work in government positions of authority. He moved to Thonon, where he boarded with a widow, who on one occasion hid him from some armed men. [2] His father wanted him, the first of his six sons, to attend the best schools in preparation for a career as a magistrate. Christian bishop and spiritual director and, with St Jane Frances de Chantal (1572–1641), the founder of the Salesian style of spirituality. He was declared a Doctor of the Church by Pope Pius IX in 1877.[15]. Francis de Sales was born two months premature on 21 August 1567 in the Château de Sales into the noble Sales family of the Duchy of Savoy, in what is today Thorens-Glières, Haute-Savoie, France. Despite his friendship with Denis-Simon de Marquemont, the archbishop nonetheless ordering that its members maintain cloistered lives. His father, François de… His father was François de Sales, Lord of Boisy, Sales, and Novel. His mother managed to send him some linen and money, which he distributed to the poor. He was ordained a priest on the 18th of December 1593 and was consecrated as a Bishop in 1602. From a very early age, he desired to serve God. While there he suffered a stroke, from which he died on 28 December 1622.[6]. Born in Italy circa 1181, Saint Francis of Assisi was renowned for drinking and partying in his youth. He authored a couple of books and helped … He knew for years he had a vocation to the priesthood, but kept it from his family. St. Francis de Sales has been styled "the Gentleman Saint" because of his patience and gentleness. In addition to his spiritual works, his writings include controversies against Calvinists, letters, sermons, and documents on diocesan administration. Bishop of Geneva and doctor of the Church (1877), born at the castle of Sales, near Annecy, Savoy. Early years Francis de Sales was born on 21 August 1567 in the Château de Sales into the noble Sales family of the Duchy of Savoy, in what is today Thorens-Glières, Haute-Savoie, France. A good deal of his religious instruction was handled individually and privately. You can use this novena to seek intercession from this holy bishop in your life! He avoided controversy and focused on a particular point of duty, a specific virtue, or the correction of some vice. It was at this time that Francis began writing pamphlets which were later collected and published as The Catholic Controversy. Born in France in 1567, Francis was a patient man. In 1602, he was sent on a diplomatic mission to Henry IV of France, to negotiate the restoration of Catholic worship in Gex, a part of the diocese that had been returned to France. One of the major apostolates of the Institute in the United States is the Oratory of St. Francis de Sales in St. Louis, Missouri. Francis de Sales (French: François de Sales; Italian: Francesco di Sales; 21 August 1567 – 28 December 1622) was a Bishop of Geneva and is honored as a saint in the Catholic Church. His motto was, "He who preaches with love, preaches effectively." St. Francis de Sales was born in Thorens of the Savoy region of France on August 21, 1567. In 1610, with St. Jane Frances de Chantal, he founded the Visitation of Holy Mary (the Visitation Nuns), which became principally a teaching order. For the American actor, see, "Saint François de Sales" redirects here. Gradually the mission began to show some small success. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Accompanied only by his cousin, the Canon Louis, they made their base the fortress of Allinges, to which the Governor of the Province, Baron d'Hermance, insisted they return each night. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. St. francis de sales. "[9] During his years as bishop, de Sales acquired a reputation as a spellbinding preacher and something of an ascetic. St. Francis de Sales. Paul VI Audience Hall Wednesday, 2 March 2011 [Saint Francis de Sales. Dear Jesus, as You led the Three Kings to You by the light of a star, please draw us ever closer to You by the light of Faith. The Catholic Encyclopedia. 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Instead, he felt a call to the priesthood and was ordained for the Diocese of Geneva. St. Francis de Sales. While in Paris, he also met Cardinal Berulle and Madame Acarie. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. St. Francis de Sales, a saint of the Catholic Church, born on 21st August 1567, at Thorens near Annecy, France, is the patron of Saint of the Congregation of fransalians. It is said that at Evian, on the south shore of Lake Geneva, St. Francis of Assisi appeared to him and said: "You desire martyrdom, just as I once longed for it. Savoy Crown Named after the City that Saint Francis de Sales was born in on 21 August 1567 Colour: Blue. Francis was born on 21 August 1567 in the family castle of Sales, in Thorens in the duchy of upper Savoy. After obtaining doctorates in both canon and civil law by the age of 24, Francis chose religious life instead. Although September 16, 1844 seemed like any other day, it was destined to be known as the birth date of a saint! They met great opposition from the Geneva ministers who accused de Sales of being a sorcerer. A very rare combination.". St. Francis de Sales was born and lived most of life in what is today southeast France. This being one of the noblest families in Savoy, Fran… Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …together with her father confessor St. Francis de Sales, founded in 1610 the order of the Visitandines,...…, Francis of Sales had a similar influence on the devotional life of the laity.…, Francis de Sales and St. Jane Frances de Chantal at Annecy, Fr., in 1610. Later he became bishop of that diocese and was known for his gentleness and his strong defense against Calvinism. In 1586 Francis de Sales attended a theological discussion about predestination, convincing him of his damnation to hell. Francis de Sales was born two months premature on 21 August 1567 in the Château de Sales into the noble Sales family of the Duchy of Savoy, in what is today Thorens-Glières, Haute-Savoie, France. He was one among his parents’ seven children. Francis de Sales' spirituality and writings, especially An Introduction to the Devout Life, and Treatise on the Love of God, were to have a profound influence on Vincent. [14] Many miracles have been reported at his shrine. At a young age, he experienced profound anxiety while reflecting on the topic of predestination. This being one of the noblest families in Savoy, Francis' father was generally known as M. de Boisy. His father ensured that he received an excellent education from a young age, and his son excelled in every subject. More than once he escaped death at the hands of assassins. This faithful devotion to God not only expelled his doubts but also influenced the rest of his life and his teachings. [8], He worked closely with the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin, which was very active in preaching the Catholic faith in his diocese. Birthplace: Thorens-Glières, Savoy, France Location of death: Lyons, France Cause of death: unsp. Updates? Named after the city where Saint Francis de Sales was bishop, Doctor of the Universal Church. St. Francis de Sales was born in 1567 to a noble family in the Duchy of Savoy. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-Francis-of-Sales, Eternal Word Television Network - Biography of Saint Francis de Sales, The St. Francis de Sales Association - Biography of St. Francis de Sales. As the eldest son and heir, he held the title of Seigneur de Villeroget. In it he counseled charity over penance as a means of progressing in the spiritual life. St. Francis de Sales This saint was born in the noble Sales family of the Duchy of Savoy, on August 21, 1567 in France and studied law in Padua. “The writings of Francis de Sales, filled with celestial doctrine are a bright light in the Church, pointing out to souls an easy and safe way to arrive at the perfection of a Christian life.” (Breviarium Romanum, 29 January, lect. He was a Bishop and Doctor of the Church. (1913). For years, however, Francis felt God calling him to the priesthood, though he never mentioned it … [1] The cathedral chapter recommended that, although only twenty-seven years of age, the provost be named Grand Penitentiary of the diocese, with the result that de Sales found himself taking many more confessions. His mother was a noblewoman, Françoise de Sionnaz, the only child of the prominent magistrate, Melchior de Sionnaz, Seigneur de Vallières, de la Thuile, and de Boisy. His cousin, Canon Louis de Sales, persuaded the Bishop of Geneva, Claude de Granier, to obtain for Francis the position of provost of the cathedral chapter of Geneva, a post in the patronage of the pope. [12], Sales also established a community of men, an Oratory of St. Philip Neri, at Thonon-les-Bains, with himself as the superior or Provost. [18], Saint Vincent de Paul met Francis de Sales in Paris in 1618 or 1619. His father, Francois de Sales de Boisy, and his mother, Francoise de Sionnaz, belonged to old Savoyard aristocratic families. St. Francis de Sales was born in 1567 in the Castle of Sales in Savoy France, close to the Swiss border. Their remains were venerated there until the French Revolution. He was a Bishop and Doctor of the Church. St. Francis de Sales was born in Thorens (in the Savoy area of France), in the chateau of Sales in 1567, and died in Lyon in 1622. His way of teaching Catholic spirituality is often referred to as the Way of Divine Love, or the Devout Life, taken from a book he wrote of a similar name: Introduction to the Devout Life''. Educated at Paris and Padua his life after ordination was active and much involved in the world and his diocese; whereas Jane de Chantal was more inclined to contemplation and the creation of holy space in her life. St. Francis was born in France on August 21, 1567, to aristocratic parents. Saint Francis was born at Thorens, in the Duchy of Savoy, on August 21, 1567. Though frail and delicate, he had a quick, intelligent mind and a gentle, kind disposition. St. Francis de Sales † Catholic Encyclopedia St. Francis de Sales Bishop of Geneva, Doctor of the Universal Church; born at Thorens, in the Duchy of Savoy, 21 August, 1567; died at Lyons, 28 December, 1622. There were twelve children born to the family, five of whom died soon after their birth. In 1956, the parish built a new church building and rectory under Father Vincent Santo and was newly dedicated by Bishop Bart… He desired to serve God from the time he was a child. Saint Francis of Sales, also called Francis De Sales, French Saint François De Sales, (born Aug. 21, 1567, Thorens-Glières, Savoy—died Dec. 28, 1622, Lyon; canonized 1665; feast day January 24), Roman Catholic bishop of Geneva and doctor of the church, who was active in the struggle against Calvinism and cofounded the order of Visitation Nuns. In 1592, de Sales received his doctorate in law and theology and made up his mind to become a priest. [3], Francis de Sales was beatified in 1661 by Pope Alexander VII, who then canonized him four years later. Francis’ father desired for him to attend college in hopes that Francis would someday be a magistrate. Several religious institutes were founded during that period for men and women desiring to live out the spiritual path which de Sales had developed. [9] Catholic Encyclopedia. De Sales, Francis, St (1567–1622). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Upon arrival in Lyon, de Sales chose to stay in the gardener's hut at the Visitandine monastery in that city. [6] He was invited to give the Lenten sermons at the Chapel Royal. [10], His writings on the perfections of the heart of Mary as the model of love for God influenced Saint John Eudes to develop the devotion to the Hearts of Jesus and Mary.[19]. St. Francis eventually studied at the University of Padua where his brilliant writings and mind were discovered. St. Francis de Sales. St. Francis de Sales was born to a noble family at Chateau de Sales in the Kingdom of Savoy near Geneva, Switzerland on August 21, 1567. St. Francis de Sales. In the 19th century, his vision for religious communities was revived. More About St Francis de Sales St. Francis de Sales. After his early childhood, he was instructed at Chappius College (school) in Annecy, in preparation for the College of … De Sales ultimately concluded that God had good in store for him, because "God is love", as John's First Epistle attests. "St. Francis de Sales". He is known also for his writings on the topic of spiritual direction and spiritual formation, particularly the Introduction to the Devout Life and the Treatise on the Love of God. [16] From the year 1666, when his feast day was inserted into the General Roman Calendar, until its 1969 revision, he was celebrated on 29 January, a date still observed by some Traditionalist Catholics. Order of the Visitation of Holy Mary. [11], Along with Chantal, Sales founded the women's Order of the Visitation of Holy Mary (Visitandines) in Annecy on 6 June 1610. The order was originally destined...…. Mother Frances de Sales Aviat . His father was François de Sales, Lord of Sales, and Novel, and by marriage, de Boisy. He was the firstborn child of Francis and Frances De Boisy. St. Francis de Sales was born to a noble family at Chateau de Sales in the Kingdom of Savoy near Geneva, Switzerland on August 21, 1567. The task would be both difficult and dangerous; and the most qualified for the assignment was the provost. Francis began intense missionary work in Chablais, a district that had broken away from Savoy and had become Calvinist but had been regained by the duke of Savoy, Charles Emmanuel, an ardent Catholic. He knew for thirteen years that he had a vocation to the priesthood before he mentioned it to his family. The bishop presented the new little parish with a statue of its patron saint which still stands. De Sales is described as intelligent and handsome, tall and well built with blue-grey eyes, somewhat reserved and quiet, and a welcome guest in the homes of the nobility among whom his father had connections. For the commune, see, "Calendarium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1969), p. 115, Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest, A Dialogue of Comfort against Tribulation, St Francis College, Letchworth Garden City, Hertfordshire, Mount de Sales Academy, Catonsville, Maryland, St. Francis de Sales – St. Stephen School, St. Francis de Sales Roman Catholic Church, Saint Francis de Sales, patron saint archive, Pernin, Raphael. His sermons were comparatively short and without the customary displays of erudition. Despite the resistance of the populace of Lyon to moving his remains from that city, Sales was buried on 24 January 1623 in the church of the Monastery of the Visitation in Annecy, which he had founded with Chantal, who was also buried there. A small church was built and dedicated in 1890 by Bishop Otto Zardetti, naming the church after St. Francis de Sales, for whom he had a great devotion. Francis de Sales was born on Aug. 21, 1567, in the Château de Sales into the noble Sales family of the Duchy of Savoy, in southwestern France — an area that had been swept by Calvinist fervor. The Story of St Francis de Sales Feast Day January 24th, Patron Saint of Journalists. Padua Book Saint Francis de Sales studied Law here in 1588 Colour: Green. St. Francis de Sales Bishop of Geneva, Doctor of the Universal Church; born at Thorens, in the Duchy of Savoy, 21 August, 1567; died at Lyons, 28 December, 1622. Born to a rich French family near Geneva, Switzerland in 1567, Francis was devout from an early age and blessed with deep intellect. St. Francis of Assisi was born sometime between December 1181 and September 1182 in Assisi, an independent Ghibelline commune in the center of Umbria region of Italy. [4] As a nobleman, he was accompanied by his servant and by a priest tutor, Abbé Déage. The Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest, a society of priests founded in the 20th century, also has St. Francis de Sales as one of their three primary Patrons. [1], He was baptized Francis Bonaventura after his godparents, François de la Fléchère and Damoiselle Bonaventure de Chevron-Villette, who was also his widowed, maternal grandmother. During the French Revolution, however, it was saved from the revolutionaries by being carried by the Visitation nuns from Lyons to Venice. In 1923, Pope Pius XI proclaimed him a patron of writers and journalists, because he made extensive use of broadsheets and books both in spiritual direction and in his efforts to convert the Calvinists of the region. Oblate Sisters of St. Francis de Sales – founded on April 11, 1866 Oblate Fathers and Brothers – founded on August 27, 1876. Meanwhile, his father secured various positions for Francis, including an appointment as a senator. When his father said that he wanted Francis to be a soldier and sent him to Paris to study, Francis said nothing. Jacques Maistret, O.Carm. The morals at court reflected those of the King, which were notorious, yet King Henry became personally attached to Francis and is said to have observed, "A rare bird, this Monsieur de Genève, he is devout and also learned; and not only devout and learned but at the same time a gentleman. Alternative Titles: Francis de Sales, Saint François de Sales Saint Francis of Sales , also called Francis De Sales, French Saint François De Sales , (born Aug. 21, 1567, Thorens-Glières, Savoy—died Dec. 28, 1622, Lyon; canonized 1665; feast day January 24), Roman Catholic bishop of Geneva and doctor of the church , who was active in the struggle against Calvinism and cofounded … While there, he consecrated himself to the Blessed Virgin Mary and made a vow of chastity. From a very early age, he desired to serve God. St. Francis de Sales was born to a noble family at Chateau de Sales in the Kingdom of Savoy near Geneva, Switzerland on August 21, 1567. He consecrated himself to the Blessed Virgin Mary and decided to dedicate his life to God with a vow of chastity. After signing over to his younger brother, Louis, his title and right of succession, Francis was ordained in 1593.[5]. Because the Calvinists controlled Geneva, the bishop resided about twenty miles south, in Annecy. But, like me, you will not obtain it. De Sales completed his studies at Collège de Clermont and enrolled at the University of Padua in Italy, where he studied both law and theology. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. New York: Robert Appleton Company. The Roman Catholic Church celebrates St. Francis de Sales' feast on 24 January, the day of his burial in Annecy in 1624. A personal crisis of despair resulted. Francis was the first to receive a solemn beatification at St. Peter’s, Rome (1661). His family were land-owning aristocrats, and Francis’ father planned for his oldest son to receive the finest education to prepare him to be a lawyer. BENEDICT XVI . St. Francis de Sales Feast Day: January 24th Patron Saint of Journalists, Writers Born in France in 1567, Francis was a patient man. St. Francis de Sales was born on August 21, 1567, at the Château de Sales in the kingdom of Savoy near Geneva, Switzerland. Despite his family's objections, de Sales readily accepted. [5] St. Francis developed a sign language in order to teach a deaf man about God. His family insisted he study law rather than enter the seminary. In 1599 he was appointed coadjutor bishop of Geneva. Sometime in either late December or early January 1587, he visited the old parish of Saint-Étienne-des-Grès, Paris, where he prayed the "Memorare" before a famed statue of Our Lady of Good Deliverance, a Black Madonna. This conviction lasted through December 1586. Francis was both intelligent and gentle. On this first visit to Paris, he lived near the Église Sainte-Geneviève with his three cousins. Omissions? Colour: Red. Patron Saint – St. Francis de Sales. – St. Francis de Sales. January 24. In 1602, Bishop Granier died, and Sales was consecrated Bishop of Geneva by Vespasien Gribaldi, assisted by Thomas Pobel and [7] They consulted with him on matters such as the introduction of St. Teresa's Carmelites into France and plans for the reforming of monasteries and convents. De Sales took Antonio Possevino, a priest in the Society of Jesus, as his spiritual director. Francis was both intelligent and gentle. His father was Francoise de Sales, Lord of Boisy and mother Francoise de Sionnz. About St. Francis de Sales . This work, however, was crippled by his death, and that foundation soon died out. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. In 1923 Pope Pius XI named him patron saint of writers. De Sales preached in the Cathedral of Annecy, at parish churches, and before confraternities. He was a Bishop and Doctor of the Church. He was an effective speaker, his voice was deep and rich in tone, his speech somewhat slow and measured. After Paris, Francis went on to study law in Padua. Sales also left the mystical work, the "Treatise on the Love of God", and many highly valued letters of spiritual direction, including those with Jane Frances de Chantal compiled in the Letters of Spiritual Direction. Gradually they expanded their efforts, with de Sales concentrating on Thonon-les-Bains, which had become almost completely Calvinist. He came from a wealthy and noble family. He was consulted on matters of conscience by persons at court. Under his protection, Francis rewon the bulk of the people of Chablais to Catholicism. "St. Francis de Sales." Because of this, he is the patron saint of the deaf.[17]. Having been founded as one of the first non-cloistered group of sisters after attempts to do so with the Visitation Sisters founded by de Sales and de Chantal, the Sisters of St. Joseph (founded in Le Puys, France, in 1650) take St. Francis de Sales as one of their patrons. Corrections? His father desired that he study law and enter the political world, but Francis … In 1578, de Sales went to the Collège de Clermont, then a Jesuit institution, to study rhetoric and humanities. Some biographers have put his date of birth to September 26, 1182. GENERAL AUDIENCE. He became noted for his deep faith and his gentle approach to the religious divisions in his land resulting from the Protestant Reformation. After briefly practicing law he turned to religion and was ordained in 1593 at Annecy, chief town of his native Savoy. His mother was a noblewoman, Françoise de Sionnaz, the only child of the prominent magistrate, Melchior de Sionnaz, Seigneur de Vallières, de la Thuile, and de Boisy. But Francis refused to marry, preferring to stay focused on his chosen path. The Senate of Chambéry admitted him as a lawyer. He knew for thirteen years that he had a vocation to the priesthood before he mentioned it to his family. He came from a noble family and even as a child he desired to serve God completely. St. Francis de Sales was born in 1567 near Geneva, Switzerland. In 1594, the Duke of Savoy requested the Bishop to send a missioner to Chamblais, an area that had been long held by the Swiss, and only recently returned to Savoy. ' father was forty-four, and that foundation soon died out frail and,. Near Annecy, chief town of his life and his son excelled in every subject ensured that he an... 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