– reindeer lichen Species: Cladina mitis (Sandst.) Related Links. The average adult reindeer eats 9 to 18 pounds of vegetation each day. "As the common names suggest, reindeer lichen is an important food for reindeer (caribou), and has economic importance as a result. Umbilicaria esculenta is a black foliose lichen that grows on rocks. Overview; Gallery; Names; Classification; Records; Literature; Sequences; Data Partners + Online Resources. C. perforatais the most unique member of the scrub-lichen community, by virtue of its restricted and unusual disjunct distribution and overall global rarity. In Scandinavia it has been used in the… Reindeer lichen Cladonia rangiferina growing on a branch of an old oak tree. Cladonia species are of economic importance to reindeer-herders, such as the Sami in Scandinavia or the Nenets in Russia. The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Cladina stellaris . 3) Reindeer can live for up to 15 years in the wild, although domesticated reindeer (reindeer that are cared for by humans), can live for as long as 20 years. In the laboratory, C. rangiferina dried "rapidly" after soaking when compared to associated moss-layer bryophytes from the New Jersey pine barrens [ 91 ], and the drying rate of reindeer lichen samples was 1.7 times that of the wetting rate [ 92 ]. Hustich – reindeer lichen Subordinate Taxa. Observations and experiments have shown that reindeer lichens dry much more rapidly than associated moss and snow lichen species [6,92]. беларуская: Кладзіна аленевая čeština: Dutohlávka sobí Deutsch: Rentierflechte English: Gray reindeer lichen, Grey-green reindeer lichen suomi: Poronjäkälä Nordfriisk: Rendiartmöösk norsk: Reinlav polski: Chrobotek reniferowy русский: Ягель, Олений мох, Кладония оленья svenska: Renlav So far, California is the only jurisdiction with an official lichen (lace lichen, chosen in 2015). Until recently, Cladonia rangiferina ("reindeer moss" or "reindeer lichen") was placed in the genus Cladina. The result was a concoction known as "stomach ice cream". Reindeer moss, or Cladonia rangiferina, is a fruticose lichen that is a staple food of reindeer and caribou. Together with other closely related species, C. rangiferina constitutes the principal winter food of caribou in North America and reindeer in Europe. When water is scarce , the plant dries out and becomes dormant. Species of reindeer lichen can be found in tundra forests in the arctic, where it is a staple in the diet of reindeer, and also in Florida and Texas. Botanical Name: Cladina species. (This is yet another "moss" that is really a lichen.) Furthermore, Native Americans in regions near the Great Lakes were known to practice the peculiar tradition of bathing new-born babies in a decoction of reindeer lichen. Reindeer lichen Two similar-looking species of lichen are known by the common name Reindeer lichen. As a continental species, it doesn’t grow often in the archipelago. They provide winter food for caribou (reindeer). Reindeer love to eat lichen, which only grows in abundance where the air is very pure and clean. Species; Reindeer Lichen (Cladonia mediterranea) Species Detail - Reindeer Lichen (Cladonia mediterranea) - Species information displayed is based on all datasets. On first observing the terrain, the founder of the herd said “"Looking across Rothiemurchus Forest to the Cairngorms from the railway bridge at Aviemore on a cold morning in April 1947, I was instantly reminded of reindeer pastures in Lapland… species of ground, rock and tree lichens, which are elsewhere the chief food of reindeer, were plentiful and of little use to other animals.” It is important to remove as much of the acid as possible before eating. Endemic to the state of Florida in the United States, where it is known from 16 populations in four widely separated areas of the state. This plant has no children Legal Status. Although known as a moss, it is in fact a fruticose lichen … Composed of many light and dainty branches, it grows in cushion-like tufts. Nyl. This is done by boiling the lichen several times in clean water to which can be added bicarbonate of soda. Reindeer moss is a slow-growing lichen species that can take up to 30 years to regrow if the top layer is damaged. The species name comes from the reindeer and caribou genus ‘rangifer’. References. Due to destruction by overgrazing, burning or being trampled on it is leaving us with the consequence that it may take decades for this plant to return to those areas. The tiny branches are numerous and it produces dense mats of dull cottony type growth, between 1- 4 inches in length. Reindeer lichens (Cladina species), too, grow on the ground and belong to the fruticose group. ... Lichen Gallery of Leif & Anita Stridvall - Cladonia protentosa; Irish lichens (photos and descriptions) - Cladonia portentosa; British Lichens (photo by M. Sutcliffe) Cladonia portentosa; British Lichens (photo by M. Sutcliffe) Cladonia portentosa; Vernacular names . Fungi. Interpreting Wetland Status. In fact, males’ antlers can grow up to a whopping 1.4 metres in length and have as many 44 points, called ‘tines‘. Appearance: It is usually pale green to pale grey in colour, and is reminiscent of an underwater sponge. × Terrestrial Map - 10km. Step 1 Choose a container made from clear glass or plastic. Priority Species List (1998), version 1 Priority Species List (2007), version 1 Recorder 3.3 (1998), version 1 Red Data Book of British Lichens (Church et al., 1996), version 1 Species … Antibiotic compounds are extracted from some species to create antibiotic cream. Cladonia is a genus of moss-like lichens in the family Cladoniaceae.They are the primary food source for reindeer/caribou. Reindeer lichen is used as a general term to refer to any of several species that are consumed by the reindeer of Eurasia and the caribou of North America. Much like deer, reindeer feed on grasses, leaves of shrubs and trees, mosses, and herbs. - Reindeer are perfectly adapted for the cold, in fact, they prefer it. They resemble tiny white, grey or greenish shrubs or coral with numerous branches. Reindeer Lichen species Accepted Name authority: UKSI Establishment means: Native. Up to eight species of reindeer lichens commonly occur in Florida scrub. But erratic winter weather can make it hard for them to get to their food. Ahti T: Studies on the caribou lichen stands of 1. The star-tipped reindeer lichen is a large vertical-growing lichen that forms grey-yellowish cauliflower-like heads. Over the winter, reindeer rely on reindeer lichen and a few other lichen species for roughly 90% of their food, with an adult reindeer having to eat 4-8kg of this food a day. Carpets of Cladina can cover huge areas. Reindeer Moss like most lichens, is 94% carbohydrate and 6% acid. Rare species of lichen known by the common names Florida perforate cladonia and Florida perforate reindeer lichen. Containers specifically designed for use as terrariums are available at garden centers and pet stores. Ascomycota. - A reindeer’s favourite food is Lichen. The Florida perforate reindeer lichen occurs only in the state of Florida and is characterised by its yellow-grey, complex branching pattern. Reindeer lichen, (Cladonia rangiferina), a fruticose (bushy, branched) lichen found in great abundance in Arctic lands. When dry it can be quite brittle but once wet it becomes somewhat sponge-like. O MPHALINA 15. Other Names: Reindeer Moss, Reindeer Lichen. Wetland Status. Key to Reindeer Lichens and Similar Species in Newfoundland and Labrador. Page 4-888 FLORIDA PERFORATE CLADONIA Multi-Species Recovery Plan for South Florida. The lichen covers immense areas in northern tundra and taiga ecosystems and serves as pasture for reindeer, moose, caribou, and musk oxen. Nyl. They are extremely slow growing, producing only one new branch a year. Vecchio Photo. Sphaerophorus ("tree coral") can be found on the bark of many evergreens. Reindeer lichen (Cladonia rangiferina), fruticose lichen belonging to the Cladoniaceae family. Despite its name reindeer moss is actually a lichen (in fact it is also known as 'reindeer lichen'). During the winter months, reindeer feed largely on lichen, so rather than leaving the reindeer carrots this Christmas, maybe you could search for some lichen to leave out for them. – reindeer lichen Species: Cladina stellaris (Opiz) Brodo – star reindeer lichen Subordinate Taxa. Cladonia. It has also been used as a food among native tribes, and to make tea. This lichen produces erect and branched thalli (named podetia) that are several centimetres high. Its branches are between 4-6cm long and are tipped with red spore-producing structures. Wildlife. Similar species: C. rangiferina (Reindeer lichen) is the similar but ashy white in color. We chose this species because it is a common representative of the shrub-like reindeer lichens, which are of ecological significance in the ground layer of subalpine–alpine, boreal and subarctic habitats of the Northern Hemisphere. Individual species require expert identification. Reindeer lichen is a good source of carbohydrates, which are extracted by special enzymes in the reindeers’ digestive system, but a poor source of protein. Cladoniaceae. It is well suited for growing in a container indoors. It is spongy and rubbery when moist, but becomes dry and brittle in times of little rain and will crunch if stepped on. It is found across Europe, North America and Asia. With advances in DNA testing, it has been reclassified as a Cladonia. Real Reindeer Lichen And Other Lichen Species. They are the primary food source for reindeer/caribou. Reindeer Moss Facts. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Reindeer lichens are among the most conspicuous lichens and may locally dominate the ground cover in boreal and subarctic regions, where they serve as winter diet for reindeer. Genus of moss-like lichens in the family Cladoniaceae. You can sometimes find three or four Cladina species in a single clump. Tip Reindeer moss tends to thrive in arctic climate areas, and will do well in the winter if you have a moss garden. They are the only deer species in which both the male and female can grow antlers. Source and Description Reindeer lichen is a slow growing plant that is only reported to grow by 3-5mm per year. A symbiotic species of algae and fungi. Common Name : Reindeer Lichen , Reindeer moss, Caribou moss, Reindeer moss lichen – The lichen is one of the primary food sources for reindeer (Rangifer tarandus); their North American counterparts are called caribou. Knowing very little about lichens, I'm not sure if this is Cladonia rangiferina or Cladonia portentosa. Sphaerophorus globosus lichen. The light green species Cladonia stellaris is used in flower decorations. Food. Wikipedia. Luckily, the Cairngorm National Park has loads of good clean air, so the lichen grows well for the reindeer to munch on! This acid can cause severe stomach cramps if consumed in any quantity. JSON; GBIF; Encyclopaedia of Life; Biodiversity Heritage Library; PESI [counting] records This map contains both point- and grid-based occurrences at different resolutions. 22. Species: Cladonia portentosa Subspecies: C. p. subsp. Reindeer lichen or caribou moss (Cladonia rangiferina) is an important foot for reindeers. Some Arctic inhabitants mixed the partly digested lichen from caribou stomachs with raw fish eggs. Like other types of lichen, reindeer moss is a good indicator of environmental quality because of its high absorption from the surrounding air. Newfoundland. 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