The Rational-Economic (or Classical) Model • Is prescriptive in that it focuses on how decisions ought to be made. Rational decision making brings a structured or reasonable thought process to the act of deciding. Julie has decided a change is needed in tracking the inventory at her store and decides to utilize the rational decision-making model as a tool to make these changes. While some of these models have six steps others rely on more than a dozen. Rational decision making models . ?? The rational decision making model assumes decisions are based on an objective, orderly, structured information gathering and analysis. Rational thinking models basically start and end the same way, no matter the simplicity or complication of the steps involved with these models. I. The Rational Decision-Making Model describes the steps a group would take when making a logical decision. rational decision making model 1. recognize, define problem opportunity rational decision making model gather “relevant” info diagnose cause(s) assumptions! So rational decision making model can be used to make good decisions which might have the most desirable results. 1. The rational decision-making model is a structured and sequential approach to decision-making, aimed at seeking precise solutions to well-defined problems using precise methods. Unlike the rational models that assume a sequential ordering of steps in the decision process, the garbage can model makes no such requirement. Rational decision making is a multi-step process for making choices between alternatives. The steps are designed to reduce the impact of biases, logical fallacies, and knee-jerk reactions on the decision to increase decision quality. These steps include: Identifying a problem or opportunity Gathering information Analyzing the situation Developing options Solutions can be in search of problems; the expertise of participants can determine which problems to address, and; the choice opportunities that exist can determine which solutions are selected. The model encourages the decision maker to understand the situation, organize and interpret the information, and then take action. That is to say, the decision has to be based on reasonable data, facts and reasons. Rational Decision Making. What is Rational Decision Making Model? The word “rational” in this context does not mean sane or clear-headed as it does in the colloquial sense. A decision making model that describes how individuals should behave in order to maximize some outcome. The process of rational decision making favors logic, objectivity, and analysis over subjectivity and insight. This type of model is based around a cognitive judgement of the pros and cons of various options. ®Steps 6. A brief explanation of decision making. 5. Rational decision making - The benchmark for making effective decisions. Decision matrix analysis, Pugh matrix, SWOT analysis, Pareto analysis and decision trees are examples of rational models and you can read more about the most popular here. 5 1 Select _ Best Define the Alternative Problem 5 2_ Evaluate ICIe”I'IY Alternatives Decision Criteria Allocate Alternatives Weights to Criteria 7. 1 Chongming Chen 0251662 Rational Decision Making Model To ensure the decision made is the best, it must be rational. DECISION MAKING MODELS HANDOUT Page 1 of 2 I. Rational decision-making models vary in the number of steps they have. The choice to decide rationally makes it possible to support the decision maker by making the knowledge involved with the choice open and specific. 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